The Bodoland Territorial Region is an autonomous region in Assam, Northeast India. The Bodos have a distinct culture from the rest of the world, ranging from dance and music to festivals and attires. In rural regions of Assam state, female sex ratio per 1000 males was 960 while same for the child (0-6 age) was 964 girls per 1000 boys. This celebration is to mark the final solution of the decades-old Bodo problem that was signed on January 27, 2020, by the various Bodo organisations, the Union government and the Assam government. Facebook. Views: 776. The Park is home for Elephant, Rhino, Tiger, Gaur, Wild Buffalo, Deer, Wild Hogs, and many other Reptiles, Birds and Insects including some highly endangered species like Pygmy Hog, Golden Langur & Bengal Florican. The actual functioning of the council was started on 7 December 2003 by constituting the 12 members of the Council provisionally. 54,993 Buddhists and 25,949 Jains are living in Assam at the time of 2011 census. The region is industrially backward with most of its population depending on agriculture for livelihood. [10][11] After the split of the Koch kingdom, subsequent collapse of the eastern Koch Hajo due to the Mughals and during the period of Ahom-Mughal conflicts in early 17th century, the Bhutan kingdom pushed south and took control of the region down to the Gohain Kamal Ali. The isolation of the region, its complex social character, and its backwardness compared to other parts of the country have all resulted in the complicated set of demands ranging from demand for autonomy and opposition to 'outsiders' to movements for secession. [33], The primary purpose of the Bodoland Power Distribution Company Limited is to undertake distribution, trading and supply of electricity in the territory of Bodoland or outside of it. The total number of districts within the Bodoland region will therefore be nine.[25]. The region is one of the most underdeveloped and backward regions of India of which only 3 percent of the population live in urban areas. of Assam in collaboration with Wildlife Trust of India, (WTI), Bodoland Territorial Council, WWF-India, International Rhino Foundation, and US Fish and Wildlife Service. "Bangladeshis are filling Assam every day. Linkedin. Most of the industries like oil, gas and major industries of the state are located in upper Assam. For the council which controls the region, see, Autonomous administrative division in Assam, India, 2020 peace agreement and the formation of the Bodoland Territorial Region, "(T)he Bodo leadership in 1967 formed a political party called the Plains Tribals Council of Assam (PTCA). This can lead to an increase in the Bodo population in the BTR and decrease in the non-tribal population in the same, resulting in mitigation of inter-community clashes in the future. Karishma Hasnat 8 October, 2020 6:57 pm IST. The demand by Bodos, the largest plains tribe in the Northeast, for a Bodoland led to the signing of three accords between the central government, Assam government and Bodo militant groups in 1993, 2003 and 2020. As per Niti Aayog 2016 report, Total Fertility Rate of Assam is 2.3. DEMOGRAPHY OF ASSAM: The literacy rate in the state of Assam in 2011 was 73%. According to the Census 2011, there are around 14.16 lakh Bodo speakers in Assam (4.53% of the total population of the state). 1. http://censusindia.gov.in/ The Duars in the Goalpara region (which was outside the Ahom kingdom) were under Bhutan's control, the Duars in the Kamrup region were shared under the Posa system and the Duars in the Darrang region were alternately controlled by the Bhutanese and the Ahoms in an annual cycle. Part of the larger umbrella of Bodo-Kachari, the Bodos constitute about 5-6% of Assam’s population. By . The average density of the population in BTC is 326 per Sq.K.m. The local population is now at the risk of turning into a minority. In 1985, when the Assam Movement culminated in the Assam Accord, many Bodos saw it as essentially focusing on the interests of the Assamese- speaking community. The Park also has a recorded count of 36 species of reptiles and 476 species of birds. According to UID, Assam population in 2020 is estimated to be 35 Million (3.5 Crores). Assam population in 2020 is estimated to be 35 Million (3.5 Crores), As per Unique Identification India data, updated 31, May 2020, by mid of year 2020 the projected population is 35,607,039. Some sources reveal that they were the first people, who started paddy cultivation in the land of Brahmaputra valley. (, "These Duars play crucial role in the determination of the relations between Assam and Bhutan. Bodoland Transport Service buses have a direct bus service to the capital of assam Guwahati and capital of Meghalaya shillong[31] The service initially ran 4 buses across the four districts but currently operates 16 buses that generates INR 1,800,000 annually according to a recent report. Surnames. It is organised every year on first day of the year according to the Bodo calendar which falls in mid April.[30]. Bodo tribe in Assam. After the Council Election on 13 May 2005 and subsequent bye-election in November 2005, the 40-member Legislative Council has been formed to look after the development works in the Bodoland Territorial Area Districts. Moreover, other general communities like Bengali, Gorkha and few numbers of Hindi speaking people are also found in the Council area. The Bodo-Kachari were also some of the first people to rear silkworms and produce silk material and were considered to be advanced in rice cultivation in Assam during this time period. [6] With the failure of PTCA, the All Bodo Students' Union launched the Bodo Movement in 1987 with the demand for a separate state to be called Bodoland,[7] ending with the Bodo Accord of 1993 with the formation of Bodoland Autonomous Council. Tea and Ex Tea-tribes including Santhal, Oraon etc. [17][18] On the other hand, it is also claimed as a sovereign state (complete independence from India) by the separatist insurgent group NDFB.[19]. Other sports followed in the region are Badminton, Basketball, Volleyball, Cricket, Taekwondo, Kabaddi, Chess, Archery, and other indigenous sports. Guwahati: The Assam government on Monday proposed to accord Bodo the status of an associate official language of the state. Bodo people are the oldest residence of Assam. This is another major step by the … (, "During the period of political uncertainty caused by the Ahom-Mughal conflict in the middle of seventeenth century, the Bhutias had taken possession of the whole of the fertile plain south of their hills as far as the Gohain Kamal Ali." Bodos are the majority community in the region numbering around 1 million (31%) followed by Bengali Muslims, who form the largest minority group. It is not only a significant National Park of India but also an important migratory corridor for the elephant population of the entire Indo-Bhutan region. The 2003 Bodo Accord, which saw the creation of BTAD comprising Udalguri, Kokrajhar, Baksa and Chirang districts, largely excluded the majority non-Bodo population from the accord, and skewed representation in the new body in favour of the minority Bodo community to the chagrin of the majority non-Bodo population. Abc Medium. Read the full text of Draft Bodo Treaty", https://indusscrolls.com/what-is-bodo-peace-accord-read-the-full-text-of-draft-bodo-treaty/, "Afforestation changes life and landscape: How a district in Assam lost a forest, gained a future", "Man-made forest houses rare flying snake", "New tourist guest house at Bhairabkunda", "Kokrajhar- Three Day Baokhungri festival Begins", "Bodos say most Muslim settlers are illegal migrants – Assam violence: Chief reasons behind the rivalry", "Bodoland Territorial Council | Kokrajhar", "2011 Estimates as per Census report 2001", "日本播放一区二区三区,亚洲性线免费观看视频成熟,欧美XXXXXX69,国产在线播放原创精品", Autonomous administrative divisions of India, Proposed states and union territories of India, Current states and union territories of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bodoland_Territorial_Region&oldid=998899618, States and territories established in 2003, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from August 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 15:19. The area and population under the four districts has been estimated as follows: Under the terms of a peace agreement signed in January 2020, new districts will be created with the existing four districts reorganised into seven districts. Email. [8] Bodoland is named after Bodo, an alternative spelling of the Boro people who live primarily in the Dooars regions of Goalpara and Kamrup districts. The accord was lauded for ushering in “a golden future for Assam and for the Bodo people.” The accord marks a series of fast-paced developments in January 2020 in what had otherwise been a drawn-out peace process dating back to 2008. Press Trust Of India . Population. Kokrajhar town the Administrative Head Quarter lies roughly between 26° 25' N latitude and 90° 16' 38'' E Longitude. Manas, the nature's abode is at the foothills of Bhutan with its unique biodiversity and landscape. Congress MLA Kamalakhya Dey Purkayastha said that there are over 90 lakh Bengali speaking people in Assam as per the 2011 census and the number of Bodo speaking population … Written By. The area of the region will be enlarged and will also include two new districts created from areas currently outside the region. (, "It was also provided that the Darrang Duars were to be annually surrendered to the Ahom government for four months from, Protected tribal belts and blocks in Assam, National Democratic Front of Boroland – Progressive (NDFB-P), National Democratic Front of Boroland – D.R. The Bodos belong to a larger ethnic group known as Bodo … The region is also the gateway to the North Eastern Region of India, where one of the main students organization, All Bodo Students Union (ABSU), allied with National Democratic Front of Boroland – Progressive (NDFB-P), National Democratic Front of Boroland – D.R. 3. https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/sp.dyn.cdrt.in, © 2019-2020 populationU, Research papers on Population dynamics and Social affairs, Unique Identification India data, updated 31, May 2020, A-2 Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901, 2011 Census: Population In Five Year Age-Group, Details of Religion In Main Table C-1- 2011 (India & States/UTs), 2011 Census: Distribution of Disabled(India & States/UTs), 2011 Census: Population Data on District/Sub-Dist Level, https://uidai.gov.in/images/state-wise-aadhaar-saturation.pdf, https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/sp.dyn.cdrt.in, Khasi, Jaintia, Synteng, Pnar, War, Bhoi, Lyngngam. The government will set up a Bodo-Kachari Welfare Council for focused development for Bodo villages outside BTAD. This will be done by forming new districts and the boundary of the region will be adjusted to include contiguous Bodo inhabited areas from neighbouring districts and exclude the non-Bodo inhabited territories which are currently under the jurisdiction of the BTC. work-door) which always carries the sense of a border mart at the foot of a pass and the area in its immediate vicinity." The Bodoland Transport Service (BTS) manages bus services in the region. What are the other provisions under the 2020 agreement? Print. The four districts in BTAD constitute Kokrjhar Lok Sabha constituency, … [9] It was delineated as a region for the first time around 1562 when the successor king Nara Narayan determined that the Koch and Mech peoples north of the newly constructed Gohain Kamal Ali could follow their indigenous customs whereas peoples to its south had to follow Hindu Brahmanical rites. compared to 340 per Sq.K.m. Bodo accord 2020: The central government, Assam government and Bodo representatives on Monday signed a Bodo accord to fulfill the groups’ key … [27] Spread across more than 6 km2, the forest contains more than 1.4 million plus trees of over 35 varieties. [22] Bodoland will also have the right to be represented at national level sports and cultural events such as the National Games of India and the Khelo India Youth Games. He stated that while a total of 14 lakh people speak Bodo in Assam, an even larger population of 90 lakhs speaks Bengali in the state. Text Size: A-A+. The first organised demand for a Bodo state came in 1967-68. Along with the other parts of Northeast India, regional aspiration in the region reached a turning point in the 1980s. Current population: 13 lakhs. The remaining six members are nominated by the Governor of Assam from the unrepresented Communities. (, "[Nara Narayana] further instructed the Meches and the Koches living to the north of the, "Taking advantage of [the collapse of Koch Hajo], the Bhutias pushed their southern boundary towards the plains and occupied the land upto the Gohain Kamal Ali." According to Bodo leaders, there has been large scale influx of illegal migrants to the Bodo districts. Assam assembly grants Bodo status of associate official language The Assam Official Languages (Amendment) Bill, 2020, was passed unanimously on … The Bodos, a plains-dwelling tribe, make up the single largest community with Scheduled Tribe status in Assam, accounting for about 5-6% of the state’s population. New Delhi: The Assam cabinet on Tuesday gave nod for introduction of a new bill to accord Bodo the status of associate official language of the state.The decision was taken at a … On January 27, 2020, the Central government signed the BTR agreement with the NDFB and other Bodo groups, also ignoring the Koch-Rajbongshis and 73 per cent non-Bodos living in the BTAD. [35] The other minority communities like Rajbongshi, Sarania are inhabiting in large part of BTC. The term ‘Duar’ literally meaning ‘door’ in English, is used to refer to the areas below the foothills is equivalent to Bhutanese ‘las-sgo’ (lit. They have long struggled for Bodoland, a sovereign ethnic homeland (subsequently, a state within India). Originally a part of ancient Kamarupa this region came under the control of Koch king Vishwa Singha in the early 16th century. Twitter. of Assam. [38] The region has also produced many national level athletes. They have controlled large parts of Assam in the past. BTC came into existence immediately after the surrender of Bodo Liberation Tigers Force (BLTF). What is the Bodo issue? It also has many wildlife sanctuaries, reserve forests, site seeings, picnic spots, and events.[26]. The economy is largely agricultural based and is lagging behind in urbanization and development. Following a further peace agreement, the Bodoland Territorial Council was formed in 2003, with a mission to accomplish development in the area of economic, education, preservation of land right, linguistic aspiration, socio-culture and ethnic identity of Bodos and above all to speed up the infrastructure development of communities in the Bodoland area. The first organised demand for a Bodo state came in 1967-68. On January 27, … Bodoland Martyrs Gold Cup is organised every year in memory of Bodoland martyrs, who sacrificed their lives for the cause of Bodoland movement. Its strategic location is blessed with beautiful forests of flora and founa.[24]. ... 1960, in order to implement Clause 6.2 of the MoS (memorandum of settlement) signed on January 29, 2020 with Bodo groups. Nabla faction, People's Joint Action Committee for Boroland Movement (PJACBM) which is an amalgamation of over three dozen Bodo organisations[16] and its supporters are demanding from the Government of India that a separate state (within the Indian Union) be created comprising the seven districts of Kokrajhar, Chirang, Baksa, Udalguri, Sonitpur, Lakhimpur and Dhemaji of Assam which have a significant Bodo population. File photo of the signing of the Bodo Peace Accord in January | Twitter. The BLTF laid down their weapons on 6 December 2003 under the leadership of Hagrama Mohilary and Hagrama was sworn in as the Chief Executive Member (CEM) on 7 December 2003. They also came here from the Tibeto-China region. Below is the Assam district wise population as per Census 2011 and 2020 projection. (, "ABSU took over the leadership of the Bodos; it launched a movement for greater autonomy on March 2, 1987, with the demand for creation of a full fledged state of Bodoland outside of Assam." Bodo tribe of Assam Bodos are the ethnic tribe of Assam and were among the early settlers of Assam. Visitors can trek through the trail in the forest and stay the night in their guest house. [20] Under the terms of this agreement, a Bodoland Territorial Region was formed with enhanced executive and legislative powers. [12][13] By the end of the 17th century the Ahom kingdom had extended their control up to the Manas river, and the region north of the Gohain Kamal Ali became to be divided into different Duars[14] each having individual administrative mechanisms that the Bhutan kingdom and the Ahom kingdom shared. FP Staff January 29, 2020 07:42:28 IST The All Bodo Students' Union and the United Bodo People's Organisation were also signatories to the … [39], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}26°24′00″N 90°16′12″E / 26.40000°N 90.27000°E / 26.40000; 90.27000, This article is about the autonomous region. The region is administered by an elected body known as the Bodoland Territorial Council (BTC) which was established according to the Memorandum of Settlement of 10 February 2003. The Bodoland Territorial Council will have competency over almost all areas defined by the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution of India and its membership will be increased to 60. The literacy rate for males was 79% and for females, it was 67.27%. Last Updated: 30th December, 2020 21:24 IST Assam Assembly Grants Bodo Status Of Associate Official Language Before enactment of this bill, Bodo was an official language in some specified Bodo majority areas, Education Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma said in the assembly. The population growth rate recorded for this decade (2001-2011) was 85.90%. In 1985, when the Assam Movement culminated in the Assam Accord, many Bodos saw it as essentially focusing on the interests of the Assamese-speaking community. Population (In Assam) A. Census report 1991: -12 lakh population, which was 5.3% of the whole state’s population. What is the Bodo issue? (estimated). Save. He stated that while a total of 14 lakh people speak Bodo in Assam, an even larger population of 90 lakhs speaks Bengali in the state. Thus there are altogether 46 members of the council, representing all communities of BTC Area known as Member of Council Legislative Assembly (MCLA). [36], Bodoland has a literacy rate (7 years and above) of 61.3%.[37]. Bodo Tribe. Govt signs peace pact with Bodos, Amit Shah says Assam’s territorial integrity assured. [21] The boundary of BTR will be redrawn to make Boro speakers majority within the region. of Assam’s population. Rahul Tripathi, ET Bureau Last Updated: Jan 28, 2020, 08:44 AM IST. [35] The population of BTC area as per 2001 Census report is 2,920,000 out which the ST[clarification needed] population is around 35% of which only 3% of the total population live in urban areas. Beginning the mid-1980s, this demand led to an armed insurgent movement, fought by several militant groups. The geographical boundary of the BTR lies between 26° 7'12'' N to 26° 47' 50'' N Latitude and 89° 47' 40'' E to 92° 18' 30'' E Longitude and is in the North Western part of Assam. 2. https://uidai.gov.in/images/state-wise-aadhaar-saturation.pdf The region covers an area of over eight thousand square kilometres and is predominantly inhabited by the Bodo people and other indigenous communities of Assam.[4][5]. According to 2011 census Assam population religion wise, Hindu is the major religion with 61% of population, followed by Muslim with 34%. This is needed as Assam has more than 90 lakh population whose mother tongue is Bengali. Abc Large. are also available. [34], Bodos are the majority community in the region numbering around 1 million (31%) followed by Bengali Muslims, who form the largest minority group. Posted on : 13 Jan 2020. C. Census report 2011: – 30.15 lakh total population, [increased about 50% till 2011 since 2001]. Font Size. 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